Repurposed drug could help patients with motor neuron disease
11 August 2022
11 August 2022
My Name'5 Doddie Foundation helped to fund the study, which found that terazosin, a drug typically used to treat enlarged prostates and high blood pressure, could also help people living with MND.
Motor neuron disease (MND) is a group of rare diseases that destroy nerve cells known as motor neurons, causing patients to slowly lose function of their muscles.
In studies using zebrafish, mice and stem cell models, experts have demonstrated that the drug terazosin protects against the death of motor neurons by increasing their energy production.
Researchers say the drug could help to slow the progression of a disease that affects around 5,000 adults in the UK. The average life expectancy is three years from the onset of symptoms.
The team are starting a feasibility study into the drug’s effect in MND patients. If this proves successful, they will look to launch a full clinical trial.
Jill Douglas, CEO of My Name'5 Doddie Foundation, commented:
"The Foundation is encouraged that the collaborative nature of this work will aid translation from the lab to the clinic - it means that basic scientific research will be more meaningful in clinical practice. We are proud to have supported this collaboration and are continuing to support the first clinical trial of terazosin in people living with MND."
It is still unclear why motor neurons die, but experts know that a decrease in their energy production takes place at an early stage of the disease.
Motor neurons need to produce energy to carry the brain’s instructions to the muscles. If there is not enough energy, the messages cannot be transferred effectively and movement is affected.
Researchers from the University of Edinburgh, working with partners at the University of Oxford, targeted the energy production of motor neurons as a potential therapeutic strategy for treating MND.
Using terazosin, which has previously been shown to be effective at increasing energy production in models of stroke and Parkinson’s disease, the team wanted to determine if this drug could also protect motor neurons from MND.
Professor Tom Gillingwater Professor of Anatomy at University of Edinburgh’s Euan MacDonald Centre for Motor Neuron Disease Research and study co-lead commented:
"We are excited about the potential for terazosin to impact on the breakdown of motor neurons in MND. The current work illustrates the importance of bringing together scientists and clinicians in order to identify new targets for therapy suitable for taking forward into studies in human MND patients."
They focused on an enzyme – an active molecule in the cells – involved in energy production called PGK1.
Zebrafish models of MND showed that either genetically increasing the amount of PGK1 in the zebrafish or treating them with terazosin to increase PGK1’s activity improved the growth of motor neurons.
Terazosin also protected motor neurons in a mouse model of MND, improving survival and delaying the progression of paralysis.
The team also grew motor neurons in a dish and demonstrated that terazosin protects these cells by increasing energy levels.
Dr Helena Chaytow Senior postdoctoral researcher at University of Edinburgh’s Euan MacDonald Centre for Motor Neuron Disease Research and first author of the study commented:
"Our work shows that terazosin is protective of motor neuron cell death in multiple models of MND, making it an exciting new potential therapy. The benefit of working with terazosin is that it is already prescribed for a different health condition, so we know that it is safe for humans and could quickly move to the clinic."
To investigate this further the teams at the Universities of Edinburgh and Oxford are inviting 50 patients from the Oxford MND Care and Research Centre to participate in a feasibility study, which will examine the impact of terazosin on key indicators of disease progression.
The study is published in eBioMedicine. It was funded by MND Scotland and the My Name’5 Doddie Foundation.
Research at the University of Edinburgh was carried by a team at the Euan MacDonald Centre for Motor Neuron Disease Research, which was established by Euan MacDonald and his father Donald to improve the lives of people with MND.